MORI Hideki

FacultySocial Sciences and the Humanities
PositionProfessor
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Last Updated :2021/02/11

Researcher Profile and Settings

Degree

  • -

Association Memberships

  • JAPANESE ASSOCIATION FOR COMPARATIVE PHILOSOPHY
  • HEIDEGGER-FORUM IN JAPAN
  • THE KANSAI ETHICAL SOCIETY
  • The Kansai Phirosophical Association

Research Activities

Research Areas

  • Humanities & social sciences, Philosophy and ethics

Published Papers

  • Genealogy of ʻEmergenceʼ in Psychology: Mill, Bain, Spencer, and Lewes, MORI, Hideki, 57, 117 - 127, 09

Research Grants & Projects

  • The Evolvement of "Emergence" Concept and the Ontology of "Emergence", Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C),   2019 04 01  - 2022 03 31
  • An Emperical Study of Trust in an Information-oriented Society, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B),   2017 04 01  - 2020 03 31
  • A Cross-national Study of Trust-Emerical Approach, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C),   2014 04 01  - 2018 03 31 , Criteria for judging the trustworthiness of others before a first meeting are fame and personal network for the U.S. and Europe (i.e., Germany, Finland, Czech Republic) and Asia (Japan and Taiwan), and high achieved status and the same school or birthplace for Russia and Turkey, both of which partially support previous theories. To determine whether three major urbanized cities (i.e., Shanghai, Seoul, and Tokyo) share common trust structures, commonalities were found among the three cities for the relationships between trust and social characteristics (gender, age, and education), personal networks, and some personality characteristics. Finally, 121 trust researchers from 31 nations gathered in Tokyo in 2017 to participate in an international conference on trust. A special issue of "Comparative Sociology" stemmed from the conference. The principal investigator also edited a book entitled "Trust in Contemporary Society" describing the results of the project.
  • Phenomenological Research of Death - from the relationship between mortals and the words-, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C),   2012 04 01  - 2015 03 31 , Progress of globalization has made it apparent that modern society has the aspect of ‘sacrificial system' , that is driven by ‘Ge-stell'(the total driven system). While cross-linking discussion of death in Anglo-Saxon philosophy and the death philosophy of existentialism, we discuss about Thomas Mann's concept of ‘despair of transcendence', a problem of ‘mourning' in J.Derrida and the expectations of the Heidegger’s apology in Paul Celan. Despite the deepening of the globalization and sacrificial system, by the help of the power of artistic paradox, we can hope that it is still possible to open up the horizon of symbiosis.
  • Development of Teaching-Materials to Enhance Reasoning Skills of Non-Continuous Text for the Integrated Studies, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research,   2012 04 01  - 2015 03 31 , The purpose of this research was to develop teaching-materials to enhance reasoning skills of non-continuous text for integrated studies. We developed a test of logical thinking and teaching-materials for integrated studies. And furthermore, we introduced logic and "Philosophy for Children" to teaching design. Using the materials we designed practical learning at the attached junior high school of Hyogo University of Teacher Education. It was proved some materials were able to practice in elementary schools. The materials were useful to enhance reasoning skills of non-continuous text for integrated studies.
  • Empirical Cross-National Study of Social Structure and Social Values – Focusing their relations with Social Trust, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B),   2010 04 01  - 2015 03 31 , Based on surveys carried out among eight nations (adding Finland to the United States,Japan, Russia, Germany, the Czech Republic, Turkey, and Taiwan), this study attempted to determine relationships between trust and social values. Among some of the topics of the questions used in this study were one's own lifestyle, concern about social, political, and economic problems, opinions about reciprocity of trust toward others, human nature as fundamentally good or bad, abidingness, right and wrong, marriage, and religious beliefs. Using multiple regression analysis it was found that reciprocity of trust toward others and human nature as fundamentally good have a positive effect on trust. Also, using correspondence analysis, it was found that when comparing two levels of trust (i.e., the lowest and the highest among four levels) many of the social values have distinguishable characteristics to their configurations in Euclidian space among the eight nations for both levels of trust.
  • Theoretical and practical investigation for promoting philosophy education in the secondary education, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B),   2011 04 01  - 2014 03 31 , In this research project, we have aimed to work out the method of promoting philosophy education in the primary and secondary education and to construct effective teaching programs, accomplishing the following achievements. (1) We have accumulated basic resources for designing teaching programs of philosophy through surveying the literature on the philosophical dialogue in education. (2) We have worked out several teaching programs by referring to existing practices of the philosophical dialogue in schools and making collaborative researches with overseas researchers and practitioners. (3)We have designed several teaching programs and tried them in different primary and secondary schools in Japan, convincing ourselves of the relevance of the philosophical dialogue in education as well as improving our teaching programs. (4) We have deepened our understanding of the significance and meaning of teaching philosophy in the primary and secondary education.
  • Phenomenological Research of Death - from the relationship between mortals and the words-, 科学研究費補助金,   2012  - 2014
  • Theoretical and practical investigation for promoting philosophy education in the secondary education, 科学研究費補助金,   2011  - 2013
  • A Practical Research Introducing Logical Reasoning in Teaching Design and Evaluation Based on "Philosophy for Children" Program, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research,   2009  - 2011 , The purpose of this research was to introduce logical reasoning in teaching design and evaluation in elementary school based on "Philosophy for Children" program and to enhance reasoning skills and reading literacy. As a result, it clarified that the teaching design based on "Philosophy for Children" program was able to practice in elementary school and the reasoning using Venn diagram was helpful for logical thinking in the discussion about experimental datum.
  • Philosophy for Children as "Citizenship Education", Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C),   2008  - 2010 , In various countries, the necessity of "citizenship education" is maintained and it is really put into practice. In its background lie fluidizations of social systems, interpersonal relationships, and the art of self, which are caused by globalization. According to the analyses by sociologists, psychologists, and pedagogues, "reflexiveness" becomes stronger and stronger in "the late modern". It is necessary for citizens to correspond to the "reflexiveness". The problem of "transition" is however one of the main issues of modern philosophy, and the findings about it can be applied also to "citizenship education". Analyzing current situations and issues of various practices of "citizenship education"' in various places, we reconstructed a conceptual framework and a methodology that "citizenship education" can be based on. On the basis of the above-mentioned considerations, we developed a concrete curriculum of "philosophy for children" as "citizenship education", which can be put into practice in Japanese classrooms.
  • The Phase of 'the Sacred Thing' in Heidegger's speculation of Being-The Question to the foundation of the ethic-, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C),   2007  - 2010 , We have clarified the possibility to rebuild "an ethic" by understanding Heidegger's speculation of Being from the viewpoint of "the sacred thing". Furthermore, we have clarified the possibility to rebuild "the authority" in the scene of the education that the negative conclusion of the fluctuation of the ethic is clear.
  • A Cross-National Empirical Study of Trust in the Age of Globalization, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A),   2007  - 2009 , Trust is an important research theme which forms one of the bases of sociology. Nonetheless, trust has been and continues to be treated primarily as a theoretical issue rather than one with empirical underpinnings. The findings of the present study, based on nationwide surveys among seven nations (the United States, Russia, Japan, Germany, the Czech Republic, Turkey and Taiwan), can be summarized as follows : 1. Speculation about an interpersonal trust scale based on three questions as developed by the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan was validated for five nations, but not for Japan and Taiwan. 2. Parental socialization of trust (or distrust) significantly impacts later adult trust (or distrust) among five nations, but not in Japan or Taiwan. 3. Trust as a norm of reciprocity was not identified as a universal phenomenon among the seven nations. 4. Finally, the bases of trust, at least from a personality perspective, were found to vary among the seven nations, though there were some commonalities.
  • An Empirical Study of Globalization and National Identity in Japan, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A),   2001  - 2003 , An outline of the findings of the study is as follows : During the first year, both in Japan and the United States, sources and resources, including data related to the project theme, were collected. As one result, it was found that in Japan people perceive globalization as passive while in the United States people perceive it merely as the status quo. As a result of a secondary analysis of existing data which was collected during the first year, existing theories, such as those of R.Robertson, A.Smith and N.Luhmann, regarding globalization and national identity were partially supported. For the second year, based on the results of the pretest survey of pairings between parents and their respective high school students, which had been conducted during the previous year, two nation-wide surveys were conducted using the two-stage stratified random sampling and face- to-face personal interview methods. The first survey was conducted among youth between 15 and 17 years of age and their parents (1,400 respondents, 700 pairs) as well as among 2,000 adults over 20 years of age. The second survey was carried out among 2,400 adults over 20 years of age. Parents and their respective children did not differ significantly in their attitudes toward the issues related to globalization and national identity. Also, in comparing the younger and older respondents, the older respondents had more traditional ways of thinking and maintained a relatively high degree of national identity. To the contrary, the younger respondents tended to perceive society and the world more globally and in a more modern approach. Let us classify the two concepts into four combinations, NG, Ng, nG, and ng, where n = a low degree of national identity ; N = a high degree of national identity ; g = a low degree of globalization ; and G = a high degree of globalization. Our findings indicated that the ratio of ng is the highest, followed by Ng, nG, and NG. This indicates that so far as social values are concerned, Japan still exhibits a traditional way of thinking among all age groups ; that it is has not progressed rapidly on general issues which relate to globalization and national identity. However, for some issues, such as foreign language usage, attitudes toward family and sex roles, environmental issues and attitudes toward work and the work ethic, we can see a relatively high degree of globalization. In addition to the surveys which we conducted, to discuss and exchange ideas and obtain information regarding our project from a cross-national perspective, four of our research team members visited experts in the field in Australia, China, and Germany during the first and the second years of the project. The third year was spent reporting on the results of our research.
  • A Cross-National Study of University Volunteer Education and Its Activities, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A),   1999  - 2000 , An outline of the findings of the study is as follows: 1) The principal investigator selected ten universities and colleges from among the many which have been adopting voluntary education or service-learning programs. These include : Columbia University, New York University, Rutgers University, University of Michigan, University of Washington, Seattle University, Western Washington University, University of California at Berkeley, California State University at Chico, and Stanford University. The principal investigator then interviewed/surveyed the persons in charge of these programs toward determining (a) the present status of the volunteer education programs, (b) if they were experiencing any problems with respect to their voluntary educational curricula, and (c) ways to improve their programs and/or curricula. As a result of these interviews, it was found that in the United States voluntary education (i.e., service-learning) occupies a very important position in university curricula and faculty development programs. 2) Two of the project's collaborators traveled to Germany and France, where, based on a survey plan set up by Professor Scheuch at the University of Koln (also a collaborator on this project), they collected relevant information (literature, reports, documents, and publications) and interviewed/surveyed eight key persons who are in charge of voluntary education programs and/or youth voluntary activity programs at the national government level. As a result of their work, they found that although among college/university students of both nations, interest in voluntary activities is high, concrete management of and information about voluntary activities programs were lacking. 3) Based on pretests carried out last year among 18 colleges and universities in the United States (which is often regarded as the most advanced nation for voluntary activities), surveys among approximately 2,500 students were carried t. Simple statistical analyses (cross tabulations) of the survey results were completed. The survey results indicate that compared with the results of Japanese survey among Japanese students which were carried out in previous year among 16 universities and college among approximately 3,500 students by using almost identical questionnaire, the quency distributions of the many of questions are quite asimilar, but the image toward the voluntary activities among college/university students are quite different by using correspondence analysis. We can see that the survey results (as well as the interviews/surveys and information collection) among the U.S. colleges and universities which have adopted voluntary activities into their regular curricula, will prove quite beneficial in terms of determining means to integrate voluntary activities into regular college/university educational curricula in Japan in the near future.
  • A Study of Academic Curriculum Development of University/College Students' Volunteer Activities, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A),   1998  - 1999 , Although it would be premature to offer any firm conclusions from our university/college student volunteer activities research project, as data analyses are still underway, we here present several tentative observations based on the analyses completed to date. In early 2000, we surveyed approximately 3,500 undergraduates at 7 national, 1 prefectural, and 8 private universities. Identical 40-item questionnaires on student volunteer activities were self-administered to the sample. Survey questions targeted issues related to volunteer activity content, experiences and attitudes, including satisfaction with and positive and negative images about volunteer activities. In March 2000, about 100 institutions arid agencies which utilize university students as volunteers were asked 35 questions targeting student attitudes toward and evaluations of volunteer work. Additionally, attitudinal surveys were mailed to 10 student volunteers from each of these institutions. Finally, our research team recently interviewed professors teaching volunteer-related courses at 36 universities. To date, our findings and analyses have elicited the following notable observations : 1. There is rather strong interest in volunteer activities among Japanese university students ; however, this does not necessarily lead to actual involvement in volunteering. 2. In general there is a positive image among students about volunteer activities. 3. There is a general belief among students and professors that volunteer activities are based on free choice and should not be included in for-credit curricula. It will be important to lean from the United States, Where volunteer activities are often implemented in the regular curriculum as "service learning." Our project is making every effort to adapt service leaning to facilitate volunteer education in Japanese universities. 4. There are serious discrepancies in attitudes and behaviors between student volunteers and the institutions for which they do volunteer work. 5. Up to now there has been no established means for information exchange among those who teach volunteerrelated courses. Facilitating such communication is imperative. 6. The Japanese government, local governments, or universities and colleges must establish means to disseminate information about volunteer activities. 7. It is important to establish evaluation systems for student volunteer activities. Grading such activities is perceived as awkward in view of the good will element. 8. The production of a handbook is vital for those Who teach volunteer related courses and who coordinate volunteer activities with the institutional recipients.


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